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        Chemours Aniline Technologies

        Nitrobenzene Products

        Nitrobenzene (NB; oil of mirbane) is a pale yellow liquid with an odor resembling that of bitter almonds. It was first synthesized in 1834 by treating benzene with fuming nitric acid and has commercial importance as the major precursor to aniline.

        Sales Specifications

        Property   Specification   Test Method 
        Nitrobenzene     99.8% min(dry basis)  G.C. 
        Moisture 0.1% max   G.C.   
        Freezing Point 5.13°C min   D-1015   
        Acidity (as HNO3)   0.001% max   titration  


        Physical Properties

        Structural Formula

             

        Physical Property 
        CAS Reg. No.  98-95-3
        Empirical Formula C6H5N02 
        Molecular Weight 123.11
        Freezing Point   5.7°C 
        Boiling Point @ 760 mmHg 210.8°C
        Specific Gravity (20°C/4°C) 1.204
        Vapor Pressure mmHg @ 44.4°C 1.0
        Heat of Combustion @ 20°C, Kg-cal/mol 739.9
        Heat of Vaporization @ 760 mmHg cal/gm 79.0  
        Refractive Index @ 20°C  1.5562
        Solubility in Water, @ 15.6°C 0.19%
        Flash Point, TOC    87.8°C     
        Auto Ignition Temperature    495.6°C  

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